Respect for the history of the land
According to "The Tenuta Tresca Estate", the full respect of the land, which is part of the history of local people has the same importance of oil production. Everybody contributes to protect one's land. Among olives groves, there is still a remaining and luxuriant vegetation patch of the original and almost mythical "Bosco Belvedere". It is an example of "Bosco Mediterraneo Sempreverde", where, together with Oleasters, Quercus ilex, Myrtus communis, Asparagus acutifolius, Ruscus aculeatus, Osyris alba and Cyclamen hederifolium grow abundantly and colour underwood during the long Autumn. Smilax aspera, Rubia peregrina and Rosa sempervirens cling along old stone walls while stone and shrubs get entangled along Hedera helix which prevails in shady areas. At the dawn of the third millennium, this example of "forest archaeology" is evidence of Salento's glorious and sylvan past, when, differently from the present age, forests "joined together so as to form a rather unbroken line along the Salento coast with vegetation patches inside" (D. Novembre, Aree antiche e recenti della macchia nel salento, in "Atti del XIX Congresso Geografico Italiano", Editrice Noseda, Como, 1965, nota n. 9 p. 183). During Middle-Ages, Bosco Belvedere was a large forest along the geological pit placed between the "Serra di Poggiardo" and the "Serra di Supersano", which included the land of today's municipalities of San Cassiano, Nociglia, Scorrano, Spongano, Muro Leccese, Ortelle, Miggiano, Poggiardo, Supersano, Montesano Salentino, Surano, Sanarica, Botrugno and Ruffano. Inside Bosco Belvedere, plenty of broad-leaved trees, such as Quercus virgiliana, Quercus frainetto, Quercus delechampii, Ulmus minor, Carpinus betulus and Fraxinus excelsior, together with holm-oaks, grew luxuriantly and formed "a fitocenosis, mainly of mesophilic microorganisms, rather uncommon in Salento, supported by a large quantity of water on a surface stratum able to counterbalance drought and summer heat in this sunny southern region" (A. Giaccari, La Foresta di Cutrofiano, da bene feudale a strumento di sviluppo del territorio. Un caso studio, in "Economia Agro-alimentare", nn. 2-3, Editore Franco Angeli, Milano, 2004, p. 158). This area will be included in "I Paduli" park. In the vernacular, "paduli" is a term which means "marshes" with reference to a subterranean water-rich aquifer in southern Salento, which, in the past, before optimization of surface water flow, fed large areas of marshland.